In her 1994 text, The Body in Pieces, art historian Linda Nochlin proposes the fragment as a metaphor for modernity. She argues that artists’ impulse to portray the human body as fractured emerged in the late 19th century from “that sense of social, psychological, even metaphysical fragmentation that so seems to mark modern experience – a loss of wholeness, a shattering of connection, a destruction or disintegration.”
Taking inspiration from Nochlin, this exhibition assembles the artwork of a wide range of artists working during the first half of the 20th century who evoke this phenomenon, including Maya Deren, Jean Dubuffet, Fernand Léger and Joan Miró. Through stylistic experiments in painting, sculpture, prints, photographs and films, these artists and their peers searched for new ways to signal complex and sometimes fraught experiences of modernity.
By the early 20th century, Europe and the U.S. had experienced rapid modernization and industrialization. An accelerated pace of life led to new bodily experiences of the world and novel ways of depicting the human form.
Artworks of this time reflect the sensorial overload of urban life, the sweep of high-speed travel, the repetitive motions of factory machinery and the violent dismemberment caused by mechanized warfare. By incorporating these machine-like gestures into the act of making, artists yielded unprecedented corporeal representations.
This exhibition is divided into sections that explore the varied techniques that artists used to render the body in pieces, whether by deconstructing it into geometric shapes, dissolving it into daubs of paint, cropping it into photographic fragments, subjecting it to the destruction of the unconscious mind or melting it into gestural brushstrokes.